Most car enthusiasts understand the importance of wiring a winch without a solenoid. You can use a winch for both road adventures and utility purposes. For example, if you are stuck in the snow or mud or need to tow another vehicle.

The best feature of winches is their ability to handle extremely heavy loads. As a result, you can use them regularly without fear of damage. They can also withstand rough terrain and weather. Avoid buying cheap models; get a durable one. You will need to maintain it properly for it to last. 

Now that you understand the importance of having a winch knowing how to use it without a winch solenoid is helpful. All automatic winches contain a solenoid, which is a small jumper wire. When an electric current passes through it, it generates a uniform electromagnetic field. When you look at a winch solenoid diagram, the first thing you notice is that it is a switch. The solenoid prevents the switch from blowing up by relieving the tension on the winch. Let’s look at how you can wire a winch without a solenoid.

When To Wire A Winch Without A Solenoid?

It is important to understand the wiring of a winch as well as the proper time to wire it. As previously stated, a solenoid is an essential component of a winch motor. It relieves stress on the winch system, preventing it from overheating. The solenoid is also simple to use, and you will understand its importance once you begin using it.

However, this does not imply that you must use a winch when wiring one; in some cases, you may need to dive in without one. An example is when you observe dirty gases on your motor, which causes an overload. If you don’t take action immediately, it could lead to severe problems with your winch motor.

Other times you should avoid wiring a winch without a solenoid are when you notice overheating and need to wire it quickly because the wiring can sometimes generate a lot of heat.

These scenarios answer some of the questions raised later in this article, such as whether you need a solenoid and if you can wire a winch without one. Yes! You need it to prevent the winch motor from burning up or overheating. It can also serve as a switch. Having a winch is significantly less expensive than letting your motor burn out, which would force you to replace the entire motor, which is more expensive.

You can do without the solenoid if you are extra cautious and quick to act in cases where the motor develops secondary problems. To be able to resolve the situation, you must be able to identify the issue with your vehicle’s winch system. In most cases, mechanics will only use a solenoid to test if the winch motor is having issues. Notwithstanding, the solenoid in your winch motor is very important, especially if you want to rule out problems with the solenoid switch. To understand this topic better, let’s look at how to wire a winch without a solenoid.

5 Steps on How To Wire A Winch Without A Solenoid

To successfully carry out this task, you will need a diagram of a winch solenoid, a spanner, and jumper cables.

Step 1: Understanding How The Solenoid Works

To solve a mechanical malfunction, you need to first understand what you are dealing with so you can properly diagnose the problem and find solutions. A winch solenoid diagram can help because it illustrates the motor’s design. You can also get a visual representation of what it should look like to help you decide what steps to take.

The diagram or picture will come in handy when labeling your cables and terminals. You can obtain a graphical illustration of your winch motor from your manufacturer or mechanics familiar with the type of winch you are dealing with.

Step 2: Set the Winch to Free Spool Mode

This stage is similar to putting your car in neutral gear. You can do this by simply turning the knob, which makes the system easy to move. To avoid accidents, make sure the winch is not loaded before engaging in free spool mode.

Step 3: Disconnect the Battery Terminals

Disconnect the battery terminals, beginning with the positive lead. The ground lead, though, needs to remain in place. To avoid confusion and false results, refer to the illustration and label the jumper cables. You can now disconnect the cables from the terminals with your spanners. Remember to label the posts near the motor with A, B1, and B2.

Step 4: Connect The Jumper Wire

This is the stage where you’ll need to bring your jumper wires; a 5-6 inch cable will suffice. Connect the cable from point A to B1, then to the battery via B2. If you follow the steps correctly, your winch motor will only run in one direction.

Step 5: Repeat Step 4 On The Other Post.

Repeat the previous step on posts A and B2, then link the winch motor to the power source via the F1 post. The motor will run in the opposite direction when you finish this connection. You can follow these steps if you need to replace a winch solenoid. It is also an effective method of resolving your winch solenoid. You can use it to diagnose the problem; if you complete the steps and the motor works properly, it means that the problem has to do with the switch.


You might think you don’t need a solenoid now that you’ve learned how to wire your winch without one. However, a solenoid in a winch would be beneficial since it protects the winch motor from overheating. Also, if you don’t have a solenoid, you risk damaging your winch engine, which is far more expensive to replace.

It is advisable to use a solenoid. Nevertheless, you can do without the solenoid if you exercise extra caution to avoid secondary issues in the winch system.